Rating
0 votes
Actions
Article
21.08.2011 17:28    Comments: 0    Categories: Hadith      Tags: quran.hadees  hadith  sunnath  

 

Tarawih(Part 1)

There has been a lot of confusion about how many Rakahs does Salaat ut-Tarawih have. The Muslims should be well aware that from past twelve centuries the Muslim Ummah has been performing at least twenty rakat of Tarawih (including inside Haramayn Shareefayn where Muslims till today are continuing this). This has been the practice of Muslims from the times of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace), the Sahaba (Allah be pleased with them), the Tabi'een and the Ulama (Allah have mercy upon them) until a new sect from Hijaz came into existence which shattered the Muslim unity on this issue. All they have is a singular hadith regarding "TAHAJJUD" which they misapply on Tarawih and thus misguide innocent Muslims. So let us see this in light of abundant proofs that Tarawih consists of 20 Rakahs.

Before the overwhelming proofs on Rakahs of Tarawih are shown, we would like to show this rigorously authentic hadith which elaborates the meaning of word "SUNNAH" in Islamic Shariah. Some people from minority section after being refuted on rakahs of tarawih are left with no option but to say that Practise of Umar (ra) and other Sahaba is one thing whereas practice of Prophet (Peace be upon him) is another i.e. in simple words they accuse the sahaba of contradicting with what the Prophet had done (Naudhobillah)

But to their surprise, the Holy Prophet (May Allah's Peace and Blessings be upon him) said: Hold firmly onto my sunnah "And the Sunnah of Khulafa ar-Rashideen (the four rightly-guided caliphs)"(Narrated in Sunnan Abu Dawood, Volume No. 2, Page No. 635. Sunnan Tirmidhi Volume No.2, Page No.108, Sunan Darimi vol.1 pg.43, Ibn Majah and others)

Proof # 1

أخبرنا أبو طاهر الفقية، قال: أخبرنا أبو عثمان البصري، قال: حدثنا أبو أحمد: محمد بن عبد الوهاب، قال: أخبرنا خالد بن مخلد، قال: حدثنا محمد بن جعفر، قال: حدثني يزيد بن خصيفة، عن السائب بن يزيد، قال: كنا نقوم في زمان عمر بن الخطاب بعشرين ركعة والوتر .

Sa'eeb ibn Yazid: who said: 'In the time of Umar ibn al-Khattab (Allah be pleased with him) the people used to observe “20 rak'ahs” (Tarawih) and the witr.' [Marifat-us-Sunan wa'l athar - Imam Bayhaqi, Volume 004, Page No. 42, Hadith Number 5409]

Imam al-Bayhaqi (rah) has also reported another version of the above narration through a different channel of transmission.

وقد أخبرنا أبو عبد الله الحسين بن محمد بن الحسين بن فنجويه الدينوري بالدامغان ثنا أحمد بن محمد بن إسحاق السني أنبأ عبد الله بن محمد بن عبد العزيز البغوي ثنا علي بن الجعد أنبأ بن أبي ذئب عن يزيد بن خصيفة عن السائب بن يزيد قال كانوا يقومون على عهد عمر بن الخطاب رضي الله عنه في شهر رمضان بعشرين ركعة قال وكانوا يقرؤون بالمئين وكانوا يتوكؤن على عصيهم في عهد عثمان بن عفان رضي الله عنه من شده القيام

Sa'eeb bin Yazeed (ra) who said:
"In the time of Umar ibn al-Khattab (Allah be pleased with him), they would perform “20 rak'ahs” (Tarawih) in the month of Ramadan. He said (also): And they would recite the Mi'in, and they would lean on their sticks in the time of Uthman ibn Affan (Allah be pleased with him), from the discomfort of standing." [Bayhaqi Sunan al-Kubra Volume 002, Page No. 698-9, Hadith Number 4617]

Imam al-Nawawi said:
'Its Isnad is Sahih'. (بإسناد صحيح ) [Al-Khulasa al-Ahkam, Hadith Number 1961]

Imam Badr ud din Ayni (rah) states:

رواه البيهقي بإسناد صحيح عن السائب بن يزيد الصحابي، قال: كانوا يقومون على عهد عمر ، رضي الله تعالى عنه، بعشرين ركعة، وعلى عهد عثمان وعلي، رضي الله تعالى عنهما، مثله



Translation: Imam al-Bayhaqi has narrated with “SAHIH CHAIN” from the companion Sai’b bin Yazid (RA) who said: During the tunure of Umar (RA) people used to stand for 20 Rakahs (of Tarawih), same was done in the time Uthman (ra) and Ali (ra) [Umdat ul Qari, Sharh Sahih ul Bukhari, Volume No. 5, Page No. 264, Published by Dar ul Fikr, Beirut, Lebanon]

Al-Mubarakfuri the famous Salafi scholar also declared the Sanad of this hadith as “Sahih” and he cited Imam al-Nawawi (rah)’s authentication [Tuhfa Tul Ahwadhi, Volume No. 3, Page No. 453, Published by Dar ul Fikr, Beirut, Lebanon]

Imam Nimawi al Hanafi (rah) said

رجال هذا الاسناد كلهم ثقات

Translation: All the men in this Isnaad are “THIQA” [Athaar al-Sunnan (2/54)]

Proof # 2

و حدثني ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏مالك ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏يزيد بن رومان ‏ ‏أنه قال ‏
‏كان الناس ‏ ‏يقومون في زمان ‏ ‏عمر بن الخطاب ‏ ‏في رمضان بثلاث وعشرين ركعة ‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that Yazid ibn Ruman said, "The people used to watch the night in prayer during Ramadan for twenty-three rakahs in the time of Umar ibn al-Khattab." [Muwatta Imam Malik, Book 006, Hadith Number 005]

Note: 3 Rakahs were of Witr

Imam Tirmidhi (rah)'s opinion:


وأَكْثَرُ أهْلِ العِلمِ على ما رُوِيَ عن عليٍّ وعُمر وغَيْرِهِمَا مِنْ أَصحابِ النبيِّ عِشْرِينَ رَكْعَةً. وَهُوَ قَوْلُ الثَّوْرِيِّ وابنِ المُبَارَكِ والشَّافِعيِّ رحمه الله. وقَالَ الشَّافِعيُّ: وهَكَذَا أدْرَكْتُ بِبَلَدِنَا بِمَكَّةَ، يُصَلُّونَ عِشْرِينَ رَكْعَةً


The Majority amongst People of Knowledge, (agree) upon praying 20 Rakahs (of Tarawih) as is narrated from Umar (RA), Ali (RA) and other Sahaba of Prophet (Salallaho alaihi wasalam) Sufyan Thawri (rah), Abdullah Ibn Mubarak (rah) and Imam Shafi’i (rah) said the same, Imam Shafi'i (rah) said that he saw people of Makkah praying 20 Rakahs (Tarawih) [Sunnan Jami’i al Tirimdhi, Book of Fasting, Chapter on Qiyaam in Ramadan Volume 3 Page No. 169 Hadith No. 806]

Proof # 3


حَدَّثَنَا حُمَيْدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ ، عَنْ حَسَنٍ ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ بْنِ رُفَيْعٍ ، قَالَ كَانَ أُبَيّ بْنُ كَعْبٍ يُصَلِّي بِالنَّاسِ فِي رَمَضَانَ بِالْمَدِينَةِ عِشْرِينَ رَكْعَةً وَيُوتِرُ بِثَلاَثٍ .

From Abdul Aziz bin Rafi who said: Ubay Ibn Ka'b (Allah be pleased with him) used to lead people during Ramadan in Madina Munawara for “20 Rakah” (Tarawih) and 3 Rakah Witr. [Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah Volume 005. Page No. 224, Hadith Number 7766]

Proof # 4


أخبرنا أبو الحسن بن الفضل القطان ببغداد أنبأ محمد بن أحمد بن عيسى بن عبدك الرازي ثنا أبو عامر عمرو بن تميم ثنا أحمد بن عبد الله بن يونس ثنا حماد بن شعيب عن عطاء بن السائب عن أبي عبد الرحمن السلمي عن على رضي الله عنه قال دعا القراء في رمضان فأمر منهم رجلا يصلي بالناس عشرين ركعة قال وكان علي رضي الله عنه يوتر بهم وروى ذلك من وجه آخر عن علي

Abdur Rahman Sulami narrates that Ali (Allah be pleased with him) called the reciters of the Quran in Ramadan and commanded one of them to perform
“twenty rakat” (Tarawih) while Ali (Allah be pleased with him) himself used to lead the witr prayer. [Bayhaqi Sunan al-Kubra Volume 002, Page No. 699, Hadith Number 4620]

Proof # 5


عَنِ الْحَسَنِ أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ جَمَعَ النَّاسَ عَلَى أُبَيِّ بْنِ كَعْبٍ فِي قِيَامِ رَمَضَانَ، فَكَانَ يُصَلِّي بِهِمْ عِشْرِينَ رَكْعَةً


Imam Hassan al-Basri (May Allah have mercy upon him) said:
Umar Ibnul Khattab (Allah be pleased with him) gathered people behind Ubayy Ibn Kab (Allah be pleased with him) in the Qiyaam of Ramadan and he led them for “20 Rakat” [Siyar al A'lam wa al Nubalah Volume 001, Page No. 400-1, Biography of 'Ubayy Ibn Kab']

Imam al-Nawawi said:
'Its Isnad is Sahih'. (بإسناد صحيح ) [Al-Khulasa al-Ahkam, Hadith Number 1961]

Proof # 6


حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ ، عَنْ حَسَنِ بْنِ صَالِحٍ ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ قَيْسٍ ، عَنِ أَبِي الْحَسْنَاءِ أَنَّ عَلِيًّا أَمَرَ رَجُلاً يُصَلِّي بِهِمْ فِي رَمَضَانَ عِشْرِينَ رَكْعَةً

Abu al Hasna says that
Ali (Allah be pleased with him) order a person to lead “20 rakat (Tarawih)” during Ramadan. [Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah Volume 005, Page No. 223, Hadith Number 7763]

Proof # 7


حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ ، عَنْ نَافِعِ بْنِ عُمَرَ ، قَالَ كَانَ ابْنُ أَبِي مُلَيْكَةَ يُصَلِّي بِنَا فِي رَمَضَانَ عِشْرِينَ رَكْعَةً، وَيَقْرَأُ بِحَمْدِ الْمَلاَئِكَةِ فِي رَكْعَةٍ

Narrated by Waki’i from Nafe bin Umar (Allah be pleased with him) who said: Ibn Abi Mulaika (RA) used to lead us in Ramadan for “20 Rakahs”. [Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah Volume 005, Page No. 223, Hadith Number 7765]

Proofs # 8, 9 & 10 Plus detailed refutation on their misuse of ahadith

عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنه أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان يصلي في شهر رمضان في غير جماعة عشرين ركعة والوتر


Ibn Abbas (RA) narrated that the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) used to pray “twenty raka’at” by himself followed by Witr (every night) in the month of Ramadan. [Sunan Al-Baihaqi, Hadith Number 12102]


عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم كان يصلي في رمضان عشرين ركعة والوتر

Ibn Abbas (RA) narrated that the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) used to pray “twenty raka’at” followed by Witr in the month of Ramadan. [Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaibah, Volume 002, Hadith Number 7692]

حديث أنه صلى الله عليه وسلم صلى بالناس عشرين ركعة ليلتين فلما كان في الليلة الثالثة اجتمع الناس فلم يخرج إليهم ثم قال من الغد خشيت أن تفرض عليكم

On the authority of Aisha (R.A)] the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) performed “twenty raka’at on 2 nights with people but he did not come out on the 3rd night and said that I am afraid that it might become obligatory upon you (Sahaba) [Ibn Hajr, al-Talkhees al-Habeer, Volume 002, Hadith Number 540]

Note: After this hadith Imam Ibn Hajr al Asqalani (rah) said:

متفق على صحته من حديث عائشة دون عدد الركعات

Translation: "All the traditionalists (Muhaddithin) are unanimous about the soundness of this report from Ayesha (ra), but without the number of Rakahs.

The Ahlul Bidah exclaim with joy saying: Look Imam Ibn Hajr al-Asqalani (rah) accepted the hadith to be Sahih but only without the number of Rakahs, therefore the number of Rakahs in Tarawih are not established.

Answer: First of all this saying of Imam Ibn Hajr (rah) goes against them not us because we have overwhelming other proofs which establish 20 Rakahs however they have only 2 proofs from which they hypocrtically claim that Tarawih consists of 8 Rakahs

Their primary proof is the hadith in Sahih Bukhari which states:

Volume 2, Book 21, Number 248: (Sahih Bukhari - Book of Tahajjud)

Narrated Abu Salma bin 'Abdur Rahman: I asked 'Aisha, "How is the prayer of Allah's Apostle during the month of Ramadan." She said, "Allah's Apostle never exceeded eleven Rakat in Ramadan or in other months; he used to offer four Rakat-- do not ask me about their beauty and length, then four Rakat, do not ask me about their beauty and length, and then three Rakat." Aisha further said, "I said, 'O Allah's Apostle! Do you sleep before offering the Witr prayer?' He replied, 'O 'Aisha! My eyes sleep but my heart remains awake'!"

Even a layman can see that Aisha (ra) is talking about Tahajjud because she said "OR IN OTHER MONTHS" whereas Salaat ut-Tarawih is only the prayer of Ramadan. Although we can go in length about this issue and decisively prove that the above hadith specifically refers to Tahhajud and not Tarawih, but we would like to concentrate on another point. This hadith also comes under the verdict of Imam Ibn Hajr al Asqalani (rah) i.e. "All the traditionalists (Muhaddithin) are unanimous about the soundness of this report from Ayesha (ra), but without the number of Rakahs.


Let us see the proofs from Sahihayn (i.e. Bukhari and Muslim)

Volume 2, Book 21, Number 261: (Sahih Bukhari)

Narrated 'Aisha: Allah's Apostle used to offer thirteen Rakat in the night prayer and on hearing the Adhan for the morning prayer, he used to offer two light Rakat.

This hadith proves Tahajjud to be atleast 10-12 Rakahs (without witr) whereas these people consider 8 Rakahs to be Sunnah of Prophet (Peace be upon him).. This is why Imam Ibn Hajr (rah) has also declared the hadith of 20 Rakahs from Sayyida Aisha as "SAHIH" but without the number of Rakahs.

Volume 2, Book 21, Number 240: (Sahih Bukhari)

Narrated Masruq: I asked Aisha about the night prayer of Allah's Apostle and she said, "It was seven, nine or eleven Rakat besides the two Rakat of the Fajr prayer (i.e. Sunna). "

This also proves "IDHTIRAB" in the hadith of Aisha (ra) and Tarawih could never be considered as 8 Rakahs because there is consensus on it being 20.

Book 004, Number 1611: (Sahih Muslim)

It is reported on the authority of 'A'isha that the prayer of Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) in the night consisted of ten rak'ahs. He observed a Witr and two rak'ahs (of Sunan) of the dawn prayer, and thus the total comes to thirteen rak'ahs.

Book 004, Number 1686: (Sahih Muslim)

Abu Jamra reported: I heard Ibn 'Abbas saying that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) observed thirteen rak'ahs at night.

Book 004, Number 1687: (Sahih Muslim)

Zaid b Khalid al-Juhani said: I would definitely watch at night the prayer observed by the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him). He prayed two short rak'ahs, then two long, long, long rak'ahs, then he prayed two rak'ahs which were shorter than the two preceding rak'ahs, then he prayed two rak'ahs which were shorter than the two preceding, then he prayed two rak'ahs which were shorter than the two preceding, then observed a single one (Witr), making a total of thirteen rak'ahs

Now coming to the Proofs 8 & 9 which we have shown above i.e. the hadith from Ibn Abbas (ra) establishing 20 Rakahs directly from the Prophet (Peace be upon him), however both the ahadith have a narrator called Abu Shaybah (i.e. grandfather of mighty Muhadith Ibn Abi Shaybah) who has difference of opinion over his reliability, most of the muhaditheen have considered him "WEAK" ... Now these people again jump with joy saying that Abu Shaybah is weak therefore 20 Rakahs is not established from Prophet (Peace be upon him), in reply they show this following hadith

Jabir Bin ‘Abdillah (ra) reported:“Allah’s Messenger (saw) led us (one night) during Ramadhan, praying Eight Rakaah and Witr. On the following night, we gathered in the Masjid hoping that he will come out again (to lead the prayer). We stayed there until the morning. Then we entered (to the centre of the Masjid) and said, `O Messenger of Allah” Last night we gathered in the Masjid hoping that you would lead us in prayer.’ To which he replied `Indeed I feared that it would become an obligation on you’” [Ibn Khuzaimah (2/138 Hadith #1070), Mu’ajam as-Sagheer (1/190) of Tabaraanee and others]

Now these are the same people who declare every second hadith as Daeef which does not go in conformity to their agendas, now let us see Jirah on narrators of hadith from Jabir (ra)

The Hadith “ONLY” comes through the route of “Isa Ibn Jariyah” , Here is what mighty Muhaditheen and masters of Jirah wa Tadil said on this narrator

قال ابن أبـي خيثمة عن ابن معين: ليس بذاك ، لا أعلم أحداً روى عنه غير يعقوب

Yahya Bin Mu'een said: He is "NOTHING" and he does not know whether anyone other than Yaqub (Shia) has narrated from him[Tahdhib ut-Tahdhib (4/518)]


In Tahdhib ul Kamaal of Imam al-Mizzi (rah), the declaration of Imam Abu Dawud (rah) is also there who called him Munkar ul Hadith.

وقال أبو عُبـيد الآجُري ، عن أبـي داود: منكر الحديث

Translation: Abu Ubaid al-Ajri narrates from Abu Dawud that (Isa bin Jariyah) is “MUNKAR UL HADITH” [Tahdhib ul Kamaal, Volume No. 14, Page No. 533]

Imam Nasai’i said in his “DU’AFA WAL MATROOKEEN”

عيسى ابن جارية: يروي عنه يعقوب القُمِّي، منكر

Translation: Isa bin Jariyah narrated from Yaqub al-Qummi (shia narrator) and he (Isa ibn Jariyah) is “MUNKAR” [Nasai’i in Duafa wal Matrooken (2/215)]

Hence 2 great Imams from Six most authentic books i.e. Imam Abu Dawud (rah) and Imam Nasai'i (rah) declared him "MUNKAR UL HADITH"


 

 

 
Comments
Order by: 
Per page: 
 
  • There are no comments yet
  CommentRecord a video comment
 
 
 
     
Share This Page!

Share This Page!

Copyright © 2018 Islamic Social Network (Quran Education)- http://www.QuranEdu.com